Note: Completion of a TAFE SA course does not guarantee an employment outcome. Formal requirements other than educational qualifications (eg licensing, professional registration), may apply to some occupations.
||Openings 5 years to November 2018: < 5,000
||Median weekly earnings: <$900 to Source: Australian Government Department of Employment 2014
||Shearers use handpieces that are equipped with combs and cutters to remove the wool from sheep.
There are currently around 600 shearers employed in South Australia. Employment is largely full-time and most work in the agriculture, forestry and fishing industry. Most persons in this occupation are male and most are employed outside the Adelaide metropolitan area. This occupation has a younger age profile with less than a quarter of shearers aged 45 years or older.
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TAFE SA courses that may be relevant for: Shearer
Wool is still one of Australia's largest exports, and the technology used in shearing today is essentially the same as that used a hundred years ago. However, handpieces, shearing plants, and combs and cutters have improved. It takes approximately 3 minutes to shear a sheep, and more experienced shearers may shear up to 200 sheep per day.
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There are no formal educational requirements needed to become a shearer. Of those currently employed 14% have a Certificate III or IV qualification, 3% have either a Certificate I or II and 76% have no post school qualifications.
It can take three to five years to become a truly competent shearer. Many shearers are still learning new techniques after many years. Formal training can assist you to learn the latest techniques.
TAFE SA offers courses relevant to this occupation including the Certificate III in Shearing. Pathway includes the Certificate II in Shearing. Other courses associated with this occupation include the Certificate II in Wool Handling, Certificate III in Wool Clip Preparation and Certificate IV in Wool Classing.
SA Apprenticeships are available in this occupation for further information go to the Traineeship & Apprenticeship Services Website at http://www.skills.sa.gov.au/apprenticeships-traineeships or phone the Freecall number 1800 673 097.
Shearers can be self-employed or work in a shearing team on properties usually located in country areas. They are paid according to the number of sheep they shear and crutch. Shearers can develop their skills to improve earnings and may progress to shed management, wool classing or other areas of the wool industry.
Shearing is a small occupation with average employment prospects. It is not as seasonal as it once was. There is usually work all year round in most states with peak demand being in spring and autumn.
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
To be updated.
Nature of the Job
Most shearers now travel out from home to the property where the shearing is being conducted. When they stay over, it's called a camp-out or expedition shearing. Shearers own and maintain their own equipment and perform many tasks other than the main process of shearing fleece from sheep. They have to capture the sheep in a catching-pen and drag it to the shearing machine. This work is physically demanding and correct handling techniques are needed.
You need good balance, reflexes and sheep handling skills in order to maintain control over the sheep while shearing. Warm up exercises are an important preparation for the strenuous work of shearing and are recommended to avoid injuries. Back strain is a hazard of the job. New ideas for wool harvesting are being trialled which will eliminate the need for shearers to drag sheep from the pen. However, professionally trained shearers will still be required to operate the handpiece and remove fleece from the sheep in the traditional way.
Typical Physical Working Environment
Shearers need to be physically fit, efficient and methodical. This work can be uncomfortable as most shearing is done in hot tin sheds on farms and stations. A good diet and regular fluid intake is important so that shearers maintain adequate reserves of energy to continue working. The working day is fairly regimented. It consists of four 2 hour runs starting at 7.30am and finishing at 5.30pm. There are two 30 minute breaks throughout the day and a one hour break for lunch.
Most shearers work in a team, ranging anywhere from three people to over 30 for a large team, most commonly there are 10 or 12 workers on a team. Work is seasonal. The main shearing seasons are in autumn and spring, with work slowing down in winter and prior to Christmas. Some shearers work part-time on other work on farms during the off-season periods. Other shearers travel around to different regions of the State to pick up continuous shearing work.
Typical Occupational Example
While males have typically performed this work in the past, females interested in becoming shearers are being encouraged by people in the industry to check it out. Most people start out as wool-handlers. Their job is to keep the shed clean, pen the sheep and take the shorn fleece to the table where other wool-handlers prepare the fleece into bales. The first steps for learners are how to hold the sheep and then how to hold the shearing equipment. After learning how to shear a sheep, the key skill to learn is how to shear large numbers of sheep. Because, until a person can shear 80 sheep a day, they are only paid woolhandler rates. Beyond that they are classed as 'improvers' and can be employed as shearers and receive piecework rates. Learners/wool handlers often gain experience by finishing off sheep shorn by shearers or practice on the end of the run.
Earnings for experienced shearers are calculated by piecework rates, which depend on the number of sheep sheared per day. Shearers are currently paid about $2.81 per sheep. Those who work fast, efficiently and have good shearing skills can earn up to $500 per day. Earnings can range anywhere from $30,000 to $80,000 or more per annum. Shearing is hard work but those who are good, have the opportunity to travel state-wide, interstate or even internationally following the work.
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